Let’s talk about anti-aging
We often talk often about antiaging, but it is good to know first what “aging” means. You should not make the mistake, under any circumstances, to consider it a disease or limit it to aesthetics.
Gerontology is a branch of medicine that studies the physiological aspects of aging and defines it as an ongoing, multifactorial process (produced by genetic, environmental or internal factors), characterized by biological, psychological, and social changes.
Aging occurs as a whole that simultaneously affects all body systems: cardio-circulatory, respiratory, nervous, renal, endocrine, osteoarticular, and cutaneous, but not so much as to significantly affect the functionality or the psycho-social component.
Why do we grow old?
Because it is written in our genes; because we cannot be much different than what is preset in our gene sequence; we cannot look much younger than our parents and grandparents when they were our age. However, in this whole process of programmed aging many factors can interfere that may shape in some way the transformation process.
- Exposure tosun(photo aging) is an extremelyimportantfactorofaging. Wrinkles, brown spotson the face(melisma), small dilatedblood vessels(telangiectasia) are the result ofprolongedexposureto the sun. The evolution of thesesignsoccurswith age. An exposed skin of a person inthe second or third decade oflifestill keeps itssmoothnessanduniform 10 years later “in motion” wrinkles appear; when the skin is at rest the faceissmooth,but when making anymovementsshallowgroovesarrangedat the corner ofthe mouth, at theexternaledgeof the eyes,and finallyin the cheeks, will appear. In the 4th and 5th decades of life wrinkles appear on the relaxed face. Slowly, uniform skin color is lost and flat or elevated and brown spots appear (actinic or seborrheic keratosis), along with telangiectasia. The lighter our skin color is, the higher the risk of developing signs of aging caused by the sun.
- Loss ofsubcutaneousfat tissue. This processdeterminesthe appearanceof the fallen face starting with the forehead,corners of the mouthor eyes. Under thecheekbones, on the temples level, on the forehead, on the lower thirdof the face,skindeep layer looks like it has melted.
- Changes infacial muscles. They contribute, along withthose mentionedabove to forming of deepwrinkleson the foreheador the corners of the
- Changesof elasticityof the skin, modification of bone andcartilageof the skeleton of the face. Elastic tissue degrades (part of theactionof sunlight) andthe appearanceof the fallen face is stressed out.
- Cartilagechangescontribute to”lengthening” and “fall” of the nose, chin becomesmore prominent.